DNA proof of Hufford descendant born into slavery

IN PROGRESS!

The 1909 HUFFORD FAMILY HISTORY tracks descendants of Christian HOFFART who was born in 1716 in (or very near) Schwaigern, Germany. He arrived in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, on September 15, 1729, with his parents – Hans Jorick Hoffart and Anna Margaretha Most – and with his younger sister Anna Margaretha Hoffart. The 1909 book briefly mentions his parents and sister on page 8, but it badly garbles the information, even incorrectly stating the German city of origin.

Additionally, the book makes no mention of Christian’s older sister, Anna Christina Hoffart, who did not travel with her parents and siblings in 1729 because she was newly married and pregnant with her first child.  Anna Christina had married Johann Casper CREAGER on August 17, 1728, in the Lutheran church in Schwaigern, Germany. When her family sailed in 1729, Anna Christina was pregnant. Her child was born September 5, 1729, in Schwaigern, ten days before her parents arrived in Philadelphia. Anna Christina, her husband, and their infant son arrived in Philadelphia in 1730.

Already I had tracked some descendants of Christian’s sister Anna Christina because Christian’s daughter Christina HOFFART (b. 1749) married Anna Christina’s son Adam CREAGER (b. 1737) – a marriage of first cousins.

In about 2010 while tracking descendants of Christian’s son Daniel (b. abt 1755), I bumped into a descendant of Christian’s sister Anna Christina:  Susan S. HUFFORD was born in about 1816 in Kentucky; she was the daughter of David Hufford (1781-1831), who was the son of Daniel Hoffart (Christian’s son). Sometime before 1850, Susan married her 3rd-cousin Enoch LINK. Susan was the great-granddaughter of Christian Hoffart and his 1st wife (Elizabeth Keim); Enoch was the great-grandson of Anna Christina Hoffart — Christian’s sister. Both Susan and her husband Enoch were the two-greats grandchildren of that German couple who had arrived in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1729 — Hans Jorick Hoffart and Anna Margaretha Most. A 3rd-cousin marriage is of no surprise, and my interest at that point was tracking Susan, since she was the Christian Hoffart descendant.

Susan shows on the 1850 census of Scott Co., KY, as “Susan Link.” Her age as listed likely is not correct:  29. She is with her husband Enoch, her dead grandfather’s widow (Barbara), a half-uncle (Eli), a spinster half-aunt (Mary), and a widowed half-aunt (Delila). Her husband was farming, and value of his real estate was $3,000; in today’s money, that would be over $95,000. The $3,000 value of real estate was about average for the land-owning farmers in that time and place. In 1850, the population of Scott County was just under 15,000. Size of the county: 285 square miles, meaning over 180,000 acres.

 

Christian’s son Daniel

Christian’s son Daniel (b. abt 1755) got short shrift in the book. Daniel had a total of 15 children by two wives. However, the book has traces of only two of Daniel’s children: Information about Daniel’s son William David is at page 258 of the 1909 HUFFORD FAMILY HISTORY. Information about Daniel’s grandson Joel (son of Daniel’s son David) is at page 252 of the book.

Thanks to Jim Hufferd (descendant of Christian’s son Daniel) and to Barry Wood (descendant Christian’s son Christian II), we have been able to piece together the basics of the life of Christian’s son Daniel. We have no photograph of Daniel, but we have his signature:
daniel_signature

Daniel was born in Montgomery County, Pennsylvania in about 1755. When Daniel was about five years old, his father moved the family to Frederick County, Maryland. On August 23, 1779, Daniel married Elizabeth CASSELL in Frederick County, MD. Daniel was about 24; his wife likely was a year or two younger.

Daniel and Elizabeth spent the early years of their marriage in Maryland, with Daniel developing a trade. Land transfers and purchases found in the Maryland Archives show that Daniel was involved in leatherwork. A transaction from 1779 lists him as a “cordwainer,” someone who makes shoes from cordovan leather.

Daniel’s first three children – David, Joseph, and Daniel Jr. — were born in Maryland; the third was baptized at the Pipe Creek Brethren Church, in an area that is in Carroll County, MD, in modern times.

Daniel was in Harrison County, Kentucky, by 1789 when his fourth child (John) was born. He and his wife Elizabeth lived near Berry, KY, on Raven Creek, and had four more children: Rachel, Deborah, Jacob, and William David. (Yes, he had a son “David” and also a son “William David.”)

Sometime after January 25, 1800, and before May 4, 1801, Elizabeth died, leaving Daniel with four children under ten years old.

On May 27, 1801, in Bourbon County, KY, Daniel married Barbara DAVID, daughter of William Henry DAVID and Mary Ann SIMMONS. Daniel was about 46 years old; Barbara was about 26. Barbara’s father was 15 years older than Daniel, and her father and Daniel were friends. (Barbara was named in her father’s will as “Barbary HUFFORD.” That will was recorded October 13, 1819, in Will Book F, Page 313; Bourbon Co., KY.)

Daniel and Barbara had seven children, born over a span of about 14 years: Daniel, Susannah, Catharine, Benjamin, Mary Ann, Delila, and Eli.

Daniel died sometime in 1817, and on January 8, 1818, his property was sold at an estate sale. When Daniel died, he had 12 children living: from his first marriage, David, John, Rachel, Deborah, Jacob, and William David; from his second marriage, Daniel, Susannah, Benjamin, Mary Ann, Deliah, and Eli. His son Joseph (from his first marriage) had died before February 1813, leaving one son.

Researching Daniel’s descendants provided a shock for me: I descend from Christian’s son Casper, and Casper and his brood were heavily into the German Baptist Brethren Church. Like Mennonites and Quakers, Brethren are Anabaptists and pacifists. Also like Mennonites and Quakers, the Brethren Church strongly opposed slavery. Brethren were barred from holding people as slaves. In Maryland, African Americans joined the church, and in 1835 the church affirmed that membership should be the same for people regardless of the color of their skin.

What is below is from the Church of the Brethren web site. It explains the Brethren response to slavery:

What did the Dunkers believe concerning slavery, at the official denominational level? Since the Dunkers or Brethren had migrated from Pennsylvania into a few southern States (Maryland, Virginia) with significant slave populations, the issue of slavery would inevitably confront them denominationally at their Annual Conference. The earliest record of an official mention was in their Annual Conference minutes for 1797, held at Blackwater, Virginia: “It was considered good, and also concluded unanimously, that no brother or sister should have negroes as slaves; and in case a brother or sister had such he or she was to set them free.” This had the effect of barring members from Communion and even disfellowshipping those who persisted in retaining slaves. Again the issue was similarly reflected in the minutes of the 1813 Conference held at Coventry, Pennsylvania.

But how did the Dunkers feel about having slaves or negroes in full membership status? The first mention is found in the 1835 Conference minutes from Cumberland County, Pennsylvania: “It is considered, that inasmuch as the gospel is to be preached to all nations and races, and if they come as repentant sinners, believing in the gospel of Jesus Christ, and apply for baptism, we could not confidently refuse them.

Should members “hire” slaves from slaveholders, thus evading any ruling concerning ownership while still enjoying the benefits of their labor? It was a very common practice in slave States for people to hire slaves from their masters under a contractual agreement: so many slaves, for so much work, for such a period of time. Questions regarding slavery or related matters repeatedly came to the Dunker or Brethren Annual Conference for consideration, but one of the more definitive pronouncements is found in the minutes of the 1855 Conference held at Linville Creek, Virginia: “We, the Brethren of Augusta, Upper and Lower Rockingham, Shenandoah, and Hardy counties having in general council meeting assembled at the church on Linville Creek; and having under consideration the following questions concerning those Brethren holding slaves at this time and who have not complied with the requisition of Annual Meeting of 1854, conclude: That they make speedy preparation to liberate them either by emancipation or by will, that this evil may be banished from among us, as we look upon slavery as dangerous to be tolerated in the church; it is tending to create disunion in the Brotherhood, and is a great injury to the cause of Christ and the progress of the church. So unitedly we exhort our brethren humbly, yet earnestly and lovingly, to clear themselves of slavery, and that they may not fail and come short of the glory of God, at the great and notable day of the Lord. Furthermore, concerning Brethren who hire a slave or slaves, and paying wages to their owners, we do not approve of it. The same is attended with evil which is combined with slavery. It is taking hold of the same evil which we cannot encourage, and should be banished and put from among us, and cannot be tolerated in the church.

Long before cannons sounded in Charleston harbor, the Dunkers repeatedly gave clear and unambiguous official statements regarding their beliefs over the issue of slavery. It was an “evil” that could not be “tolerated in the church” because the “gospel of Jesus Christ was to be preached in all nations to all races.”

That’s what I knew about my Huffords, and I had assumed that all of Casper’s siblings were Brethren and had lived similar lives. I was wrong. While working on the story of Christian’s son Daniel, I learned that some of Daniel’s descendants held slaves:

  • The 1850 Slave Schedule shows Daniel’s widow Barbara in Scott Co., KY, with three slaves: a 40-year-old man, a 14-year-old girl, and a 10-year-old boy. All slaves described as black.
  • The 1850 Slave Schedule of Woodford Co., KY, shows the widow of Daniel’s grandson Joseph with two slaves: a 58-year-old man and a 14-year-old girl; both described as black.
  • The 1850 Slave Schedule of Harrison Co., KY, shows Daniel’s son John with five slaves: a 50-year-old woman, a 20-year-old man, a 15-year-old girl, a 14-year-old girl, and an 11-year-old boy; all described as black.
  • The 1860 Slave Schedule of Pike Co., Missouri, shows Daniel’s grandson James with 11 slaves: a 52-year-old woman, a 38-year-old man, a 36-year-old man, a 22-year-old man, a 22-year-old woman, a 19-year-old man, a 10-year-old girl, a 6-year-old boy, a 4-year-old boy, a 3-year-old girl, and a one-year-old girl. All were described as black.
  • The 1850 Slave Schedule of Scott Co., KY, shows Daniel’s grandson John Harvey Hufford with one slave: a 12-year-old girl.
  • The 1860 Slave Schedule of Woodford Co., KY, shows Daniel’s granddaughter Catherine STONE (Mrs. PAYNE) as holding one slave, a 40-year-old woman, described as black.

That was all shocking to learn, but it is not something that I’ll gloss over or pretend was not so.

Below is a list of Daniel’s descendants, through his grandchildren. It is presented in graphic form rather than text format because the software for this blog does not allow for proper indenting for a descendancy chart:descend-1
descend-2
descend-3
descend-4
descend-5

PAGE NOTE: Daniel Hoffart’s son William David is listed on page 258 of the 1909 HUFFORD FAMILY HISTORY.

The Hufford descendant bear hunter

The recent work in proving where a HUFFORD descendant fits on the tree (she descends from the couple on page 81 of the 1909 HUFFORD FAMILY HISTORY) got me researching the 7th born child and 4th son of Elizabeth HUFFORD (b. 1851).  Elizabeth and her husband moved from Carroll County, Indiana, to Rolette County, North Dakota, for a few years around 1900. They took with them their five sons, who worked with their dad on the railroad. Those five sons never moved back to Indiana. They were men of a different breed, lots tougher than the Indiana corn belt.

One (George) settled in rural Saskatchewan and built a large, successful farm. One (William) farmed successfully in Minnesota, North Dakota, and finally in Washington state. One (Ted) was a railroad engineer, working out of North Dakota. One (Challence) became manager of the Great Northern Pacific Railroad, from Chicago west to the Pacific Ocean. And one, James Burton Hooker, became a big game guide and outfitter, while living in Dome Creek, British Columbia. He would attract wealthy, educated city folks to his remote corner of the world and take them bear hunting, and moose hunting, and hunting for any other big game animals in the area.

After years of hunting bears, he knew a few things, and he wrote about them in 1941, in an article published in the October 1941 issue of OUTDOOR LIFE magazine. Here’s what the bear hunter had to say, a full quote of his 1941 essay:

by J. B. Hooker
 

What will a grizzly do if he suddenly meets up with a man on his own stamping grounds? You can get plenty of opinions on that, most of them different, from men who have had some experience hunting the big beast. Some years ago I read a magazine article in which the writer claimed he could chase all the animals in North America with a buggy whip and a tin whistle.

I have reason to doubt that statement — not because it may be difficult, in this automobile age, to obtain a good buggy whip — but because I’ve spent practically 365 days a year in grizzly country for the last twenty-seven years. And I know of several occasions when the best buggy whips would have been a poor line of defense.

Take the case of Tom Meanie. In the late winter of 1925, Tom was working his trapline about twenty miles north of my place in British Columbia. He shot a moose for meat and then left it for a week. Later, he and a helper returned to spring the traps, and Tom sent his friend down a side line to pick up traps while he went over to the carcass to get meat. Never expecting a bear to be out that early, he took only an ax to chop off the frozen flesh.

From what we could reconstruct from his tracks later, he got within thirty-five yards of the moose carcass when a large grizzly ran out to meet him. That’s the place where Tom’s body was found. The bear had struck him and driven him down through the snowshoe trail to his knees; then he had fallen backward. The first blow seemed to have taken off half his skull and practically all his face; the second savage swipe removed the rest of the scalp.

The bear ran away and never returned directly to the body, although it came back and circled it several times before the police came in a week later.

I and my son Edward have had meet ups with grizzlies, when tin whistles would have been pretty poor weapons. Back in 1933 Edward, also working a trapline, was on his way home for Christmas, when about a mile and a half from the house he saw an animal moving in the twilight. At first he thought it was a wolverine, but when he came within 150 yards, he discovered it was a young grizzly. He started to whistle to scare it away, but the whistle had no terrors for the bear. Getting his scent, it started for him on the jump. Ed hollered and banged on a tree with a stick he carried to knock snow from his snowshoes, but the little battler came on with increased speed.

Ed decided it was time to clear the decks for action, so he unslung his .30/30, and when the bear was twelve feet away, he fired. The bullet struck the grizzly in the chest, passed through its heart, and killed it instantly.

From these incidents you might come to the conclusion that grizzlies will invariably charge a man. That wouldn’t be correct either. The truth is, or so I’ve found it, you never can tell just what the big bears will do. They seem to be very temperamental, to act on the spur of the moment. If they decide to run, then the whistle gets credit; but if one makes up his mind to charge, you’d better be ready with a rifle.

Years ago I was trapping beaver and had just finished springing traps before setting out for home. Loading my boat, I heard some walruses howl south of the cabin, so I paddled quickly across the river and started out to see if I could get a shot. Just entering the timber I got a whiff of decayed flesh, as I turned to face the wind, and there about thirty feet away I saw the head of a large bear over the alders and small spruce. I swung my .300 and fired, then moved out into the open. I soon found the bear, down and bleeding from the ears — finished. The bullet had struck him squarely in the mouth and blown up in the base of the brain. What might have happened, had I missed, no one knows, but from the look I got as he towered over the low growth I suspect it wouldn’t have been pleasant.

I took Herb Rondall of Minot, ND, out for bear in the spring of 1925. Well on the way, our boat got into trouble and filled. Most of the duffel was lost or ruined, so I had to go back afoot for replacements. Since Herb was going to use my gun in shooting, we only had that one along — and I left it with him for protection. Well, about two miles downriver I came on a large silvertip feeding on the remains of a cow moose and two calves which had been walrus killed some time during the preceding winter.

The bodies were in a little clump of spruce, so I didn’t see the bear until I was less than twenty yards away from him. He was chewing on a strip of skin that he’d torn from a moose leg. All I had was a hunting knife — no buggy whip or whistle — so I stood still and watched Mr. Grizzly. He chewed away on his moose skin, came out about five yards to look me over, walked off to the side for ten yards for a second onceover, and then ambled away, never looking back.

I beat it on downriver, decided that I’d been born to be hanged.

In the fall of 1931, James Butler and Charles Husler of Saskatoon, Sask., went out with me for their fourth consecutive hunt. Each of them carried a rifle, while I toted a fishing pole, and a pack sack with grub. I was in the lead, following a game trail back a little way from the river, when we came into a little meadow. There I saw a large pile of earth and grass, a grizzly cache, and beside it the grizzle himself. He sniffed, got our scent, and raised up on his hind legs.

Something warned me he was going to charge and I told the boys to get ready, dropping to the ground as I did so as to give them a fair shot. Without a pause the silvertip started for us, like a big silver ball bouncing down the slope. Visions of Tom Meanie flashed through my mind; then one of the hunters fired. Not so good — a hit in the left front leg. But the grizzly turned and went for a clump of spruce. The other rifle blasted out, and I got up and ran out to see the result. The bear was heading for the timber and not wasting time. Later on we discovered that he came back every night after that to finish his moose carcass.

Later I took out a party made up of Dr. E. M. Stanton, of Schenectady, NY, and his son Don. Don and my son Ed went up to the mountains for caribou, and after they’d gone, the doctor got a moose about half a mile above the cabin. When we went back the day after, we found that the carcass had been covered up by a grizzly, so we fixed up a seat and waited.

About 6 PM the old boy came down for his feed, and the doctor got him, first shot. We straightened the bear out for skinning and returned to the cabin. Next morning we went back to do the skinning. Here’s what happened, quoting from the doctor’s diary:

“We reached the carcass about 8 AM. A casual glance showed that two bears, a large grizzly and a smaller one, had left the moose carcass only a few minutes before — their tracks still held muddy water. We proceeded to take several photos, the last one being of me seated on a log beside the bear. Just as it was snapped, I became aware that at the other end of the log — perhaps twenty-five feet away in the alders — there was a live bear.

“We paid little attention and got busy with the skinning. But in about twenty minutes we were startled by the crack of branch in the woods above us, and on looking up, saw two grizzlies — a large female and a cub about three quarters her size — coming down a moose trail not fifty yards away.

“Hooker told me, if I’d stand guard, he’d take their pictures. Now, wild bears seem to pay no attention to the human voice, although they are greatly interested in other noises — breaking twigs, footfalls, etc. These two now came within thirty yards of us, stood up side by side, sniffed a bit, and then retired into the undergrowth.

“Until 12:30 PM, when I started to boil up our tea, those bears kept revisiting us, at intervals of about half an hour. First they’d arrive from one angle, then from another. At one time, the old she-bear came within thirteen yards of where I stood — I paced it off afterward.

“Unfortunately there were only two unexposed negatives left in the camera when the bears came on the scene. When Hooker finally got a chance to photograph them, as I stood on the alert with my rifle, he seemed calm, but he hopelessly underexposed the shots.”

So I say — you can’t tell what a grizzly will do.

The next year I went out with Dr. G. Scott Towne, of Saratoga Springs, NY. The doctor, having killed a grizzly and two caribou, was waiting for a shot at another caribou, while I cut some dry poles and ran them up river to the spot where the caribou carcasses were lying, intending to build a crow’s nest in a tree.

At a spot about 150 yards from the caribou, I beached the boat and started inland. Passing the carcasses, I noticed they’d been covered up by a grizzly, so I turned around to go back for the doctor. There, ninety yards in front of me, was a nice big grizzly, just emerging from a bunch of alders.

Without any reason that I can discover, the bear rose up on his hind legs, let out a snort, and came for me — making about fifteen feet to the jump. I stood my ground until he was about twenty-five yards away, then decided it was time for action, so I cut loose and hit him in the chest. He let out a bellow and fell on his right side, but he got up again and headed away. I thought he was hard hit and I might as well finish him, so I fired again as he went through an opening. Down, with another bellow you could have heard for miles, then up and away.

I got Dr. Towne and we followed the blood trail for half a mile. The grizzly was bleeding badly — the doctor thought it was a lung shot and that he could not go far. But after he’d lain in a stream of cold water for a while, the bear’s bleeding apparently stopped, and we had to give up the chase as it was getting dark.

Wounded badly? The very next night he came back and had a feed! Personally, I think he’s alive and well today. Sometimes, thinking over my meetings with grizzlies, I wonder that I am too.

delete

The photo above is from the 1930s, in Dome Creek, British Columbia. Pictured are some of J.B. Hooker’s family. Behind the people are four bear skins hanging to dry, some antlers, and some animal skulls. The small building behind the hanging skins may have been a work shed.

PAGE NOTE: James Burton Hooker is listed with his parents and siblings on page 81 of the 1909 HUFFORD FAMILY HISTORY.

Proving a HUFFORD descendant with DNA

UPDATE: We have a winner! The father of the baby born January 22, 1963, in Los Angeles was Raymond Wallace HOOKER (1936-2000).

DNA can sometimes prove what no document can prove, and autosomal DNA is proving that Elizabeth HUFFORD who was born in 1851 in Carroll County, Indiana, has a previously unknown great-great granddaughter who was born in January 1963 in Los Angeles, California.

Elizabeth Hufford was the daughter of Andrew, who was the son of Abraham, who was the son of Casper, who was the son of Christian Hoffarth b. 1716.

Elizabeth was my great-great grandmother. She was a straight-laced German Baptist Brethren farm girl who married a Catholic man who was a veteran of the Civil War. She, her husband, and their nine children are pictured on page 81 of the 1909 HUFFORD FAMILY HISTORY.

delete

Of all of my ancestral lines, it is the HUFFORD line that I have worked the hardest and the longest for 30 years. And of my eight sets of great-great grandparents, it is Elizabeth HUFFORD and George HOOKER‘s descendants whom I have worked most at tracking.

In 2014, I first stepped into the world of tying DNA to documentary genealogical research. Most of my work has involved autosomal DNA testing, and, for me, all of it on the HUFFORDs has involved autosomal DNA testing. These are direct-to-consumer spit tests that cost about $100 per test kit. The results and the accuracy are almost unbelievable, but it is all legit and for-real.

On October 17, 2017, a new match showed for me at ancestry.com:
“30.0 centimorgans (cM) shared across 3 DNA segments.”
That is not much, but it was enough for me to click one button: “SHARED MATCHES.” That click made clear that this is another HUFFORD descendant.

Immediately I saw that this woman shares DNA with four of my 2nd cousins once-removed, with one of my 3rd cousins, and with several more-distant HUFFORD cousins. Even at first glance, my assumption was that the woman descended from Elizabeth Hufford and George Hooker. (NOTE: How did I know that it was a woman? Because DNA does not lie and is not delusional.)

I sent her a message: “Hi! We’re both HUFFORD descendants. I’m from Elizabeth on page 81 of the Hufford book, and it looks as if you are also from Elizabeth. What’s your line? I’d like to add you to my tree.” The answer came back that she did not know her father; the truth of who her father was had been hidden from her, and her mother had died in 1988. I said, “Well, I know who your great-great-grandparents were. I’ll do my best to help you figure out who your birth father was.”

And that is what this blog post is about — trying to figure out who is this woman’s biological father and how the suspects were able to be narrowed down.

These were the certainties as the search began for my newly found cousin’s father:
(1) Her date of birth: 22-Jan-1963
(2) Her place of birth: Los Angeles, CA
(3) Her mother’s date of birth: 7-Jul-1936
(4) Her mother’s home at time of conception: East Los Angeles/Montebello area
(5) She definitely was not a hospital-switch: Her autosomal DNA test and the autosomal test of a son her mother birthed in 1964 show that the two share 1,436 centimorgans of DNA: absolutely NOT full-siblings, but absolutely the same mother.

Question: “Who’s her daddy?”

MAJOR UPDATE! 23-Nov-2017, Thanksgiving Day:
In addition to sharing DNA with a massive number of identified HUFFORD, CRIPE, and McMASTER descendants, and having two large shares with ID’d descendants of George Hooker and Elizabeth Hufford’s son James Burton Hooker, my newly found cousin also shares DNA (107 centimorgans) with a woman who descends from the grandfather of Thelma Margretta Dorene Hutchinson. Who was Thelma Hutchinson? Thelma was the wife of Lawrence Hooker, who was the son of James Burton Hooker (son of George Hooker and Elizabeth Hufford). Lawrence and Thelma had two sons who reached maturity. Nine months before my newly found cousin was born in Los Angeles near Montebello, both of Lawrence and Thelma’s sons were living in the Montebello, California, area. One was 26 and divorced; the other was 23 and married. Without DNA from a descendant of one of those two men, it’s unknown which one deserved the cigar. 

To start solving the puzzle, I needed good information about the descendants of Elizabeth HUFFORD and her husband George HUFFORD. Second, I needed DNA from several of those descendants. All of the DNA information came from one of the three companies that sells direct-to-consumer autosomal DNA testing: ancestry.com, 23andMe.com, or familyTreeDNA.com. Most of the information was found at ancestry.com; some was found at gedMatch.com, a free website where people who have tested with one of the three testing companies can upload their raw date to be compared with raw data uploaded by others.

As I began working the information, it quickly was apparent that the woman’s DNA also showed that she is a McMASTER descendant. Two of Elizabeth HUFFORD’s sons married McMASTER women (who were 1st cousins). So, after filling in and working the descendants of Elizabeth HUFFORD, I had to do the same for the McMasters. The two lists below are long and detailed. The first is the most detailed and the most nearly complete: It shows all known descendants of Elizabeth HUFFORD and George HOOKER through their great-great-grandchildren. Where my newly found cousin has a DNA match with one of Elizabeth Hufford and George Hooker’s descendants, that information is behind the name. First names of the living are omitted; however, if you are family or a competent genealogist, you can figure out who the living people are.

Descendants of George HOOKER & Elizabeth HUFFORD:
1– George HOOKER (1844-1921)
sp-Elizabeth HUFFORD (1851-1929)
…..2– Sarah Catherine HOOKER (1871-1952) (m. BEARD)
……….3– John Moore BEARD (1891-1979)
……….3– Marvin Earl BEARD (1893-1972)
……………4– Russell Edward BEARD (1915-2006)
………………..5– Living BEARD female (1943-) (m. 1st GOCHENOUR; m. 2nd GOOD)
………………..5– Living BEARD female (1949-) (m. STRANG)
……………4– Glen Earl “Dutch” BEARD (1917-1947)
………………..5– Living BEARD male (1945-)
………………..5– Living BEARD male (1947-)
……………4– Robert Jesse BEARD (1920-2010)
………………..5– Living BEARD male (1946-)
………………..5– Living BEARD male (1948-) (Shares 67 cM.)
………………..5– Living BEARD female (1952-)
………………..5– Living BEARD female (1956-) (m. HOSFIELD)
……………4– Roberta Fern BEARD (1920-2003) (m. SHEPARD)
………………..5– Living SHEPARD male (1944-)
………………..5– Living SHEPARD female (1947-) (m. WOLF)
………………..5– Living SHEPARD female (1952-) (m. NEAL)
……….3– George Irvin BEARD (1897-1965)
……………4– Miles Griffith Irvin BEARD (1918-2006)
………………..5– Alice Marie BEARD (1950-) (Shares 30 cM.)
………………..5– Living BEARD male (1955-)
………………..5– Living BEARD male (1954-)
………………..5– Living BEARD male (1959-)
……………4– Max Irvin BEARD (1920-1988)
………………..5– Mary Frances BEARD (1944-2009) (m. STEVENS)
………………..5– Living BEARD male (1948-)
……………4– Bruce Williard BEARD (1921-1990)
………………..5– Living BEARD female (1951-)
………………..5– Living BEARD female (1954-) (m. MILLER)
………………..5– Living BEARD male (1959-)
………………..5– Living BEARD male (1968-)
……….3– Edith Eve BEARD (1902-1978) (m. GRIFFITH)
……………4– Living GRIFFITH (1943-)
………………..5– Living GRIFFITH male (1966-)
………………..5– Living GRIFFITH male (1968-)
………………..5– Living GRIFFITH female (1974-)
…..2– Mary Elizabeth HOOKER (1873-1963) (m. HAZLETT)
……….3– Essie Fern HAZLETT (1893-1981) (m. SHEARER)
……………4– Evelyn Janet SHEARER (1921-2003) (m. SHANK)
………………..5– Richard Paul SHANK (1949-2014)
……………4– Living SHEARER (1925; alive in 2003) (m. KEEN)
……….3– Glenn HAZLETT (1894-bef 1910)
…..2– Rosa Ellen HOOKER (1874-1962) (m. HURLEY)
……….3– Ruth Perrin HURLEY (1893-1967) (m. KRAMER)
……………4– Mary Katherine KRAMER (1918-2008) (m. BECKETT)
………………..5– Robert Byron BECKETT, Jr. (1942-2016)
………………..5– Living BECKETT (1947-)
………………..5– Living BECKETT (1950-)
……….3– Mabel Elizabeth HURLEY (1904-1965) (m. RUCH)
……………4– Rose Mary RUCH (1925-2011) (m. HARRISON)
………………..5– Living HARRISON female (1946-) (m. BYRKETT)
………………..5– James Dale HARRISON (1949-2012)
………………..5– Living HARRISON male (1958-) (Shares 34 cM.)
………………..5– Living HARRISON female (1964) (m. GRICE)

……………4– Ruth Mary RUCH (1927-2013) (m. KUIPERS)
………………..5– Living KUIPERS female (1947-) (m. EBY)
………………..5– Robert Alan KUIPERS (1951-1972)
………………..5– Living KUIPERS female (1953-) (m. BAAS)
………………..5– Living KUIPERS female (1960-) (m. MOLENAAR)

……………4– Richard Hurley RUCH (1930-2016)
………………..5– Living RUCH male (1949-)
…………………….6– Living RUCH male (Shares 6.9 cM.)
………………..5– Christina Mary RUCH (1952-2000) (m. SLIGH)
………………..5– Living RUCH male (1953-)
………………..5– Living RUCH male (1959-)
………………..5– Matthew John RUCH (1970-1979)

…..2– George Washington HOOKER (1877-1947) (m. Amanda McMASTER)
……….3– Robert J. HOOKER (1905-1977)
……………4– Elsie Irene HOOKER (1922-1973) (m. GOLCHUK)
……………4– Gladys May HOOKER (1924-2015) (m. MELVIN)
………………..5– Living MELVIN female (m. GORUK)
………………..5– Living MELVIN male
………………..5– Living MELVIN male
………………..5– Living MELVIN male
………………..5– Living MELVIN female
………………..5– Living MELVIN male
………………..5– Living MELVIN female (m. HORECHKA)

……………4– Clifford J. HOOKER (1925-1981)
……………4– Living HOOKER female (abt 1940-) (m. BODGER)
………………..5– Allen Lee BODGER (1956-1993)
………………..5– Catherine Ardeen BODGER (1958-2002)
………………..5– Living BODGER male
………………..5– Living BODGER male

……………4– Living HOOKER male (1944-)
………………..5– Living HOOKER male
………………..5– Living HOOKER male
………………..5– Living HOOKER female (m. SPICER)
……….3– Dora Rosella HOOKER (1908-1984) (m. JACKSON)
……………4– David JACKSON (1939-1942)
……………4– David Charles JACKSON (1942-1944)
……………4– Living JACKSON male (abt 1945-) (Shares 114 cM.)
………………..5– Living JACKSON male
………………..5– Living JACKSON female
……………4– Steven David JACKSON (1946-2005)
………………..5– Living JACKSON female (m. BEBEE)
……………4– Living JACKSON female
……………4– Living JACKSON male

……….3– James Benjamin HOOKER (1910-1984)
……………4– Living HOOKER female (aft 1938-) (m. BODNAR)
………………..5– Living BODNAR male (aft 1964-)
………………..5– Living BODNAR male (twin) (aft 1965-)
………………..5– Living BODNAR female (twin) (aft 1965-)
……………4– James Murray HOOKER (1941-2016)
………………..5– Living HOOKER male
………………..5– Living HOOKER male
……………4– Living HOOKER male

……….3– Douglas Berdet “Bud” HOOKER (1914-1957)
……………4– Helen TOPPING (1937-2007) (m. WHIFFIN) (b. Margaret Eliza. MERCY)
………………..5– Andrew Scott Gordon WHIFFIN (1962-1984)
………………..5– Living WHIFFIN female (1963-) (m. PINCKSTON) (Shares 83 cM.)
………………..5– Living WHIFFIN male (1967-)
………………..5– Living WHIFFIN male (1970-)
……………4– Living HOOKER male (1945-)
……………4– Living HOOKER female (1949-) (m. REIMAN) (Shares 46 cM.)
………………..5– Living  male REIMAN (1965-)
………………..5– Living  male REIMAN (abt 1972-)
……….3– Herbert Henry HOOKER (1920-1967)
……………4– Living HOOKER male
…..2– William Edward HOOKER (1879-1950)
……….3– Estella Leona HOOKER (1904-)
……….3– William Edward HOOKER (1927-1999)
……………4– Living HOOKER female (1953-) (m. GADDIS)
……………4– Living HOOKER male (1954-)
………………..5– Living HOOKER male (1986-)
………………..5– Living HOOKER male (1990-) (Shares 90 cM.)
……………4– Living HOOKER female (1957-) (m. 1st WALIA; m. 2nd LARSON)
………………..5– Living WALIA female (1981-)
………………..5– Living WALIA female (1985-)
………………..5– Living WALIA female (1987-)
…..2– Theodore John Wesley HOOKER (1882-1957)
…..2– James Burton HOOKER (1884-1955) (m. Adeline McMASTER)
……….3– Mabel Elizabeth HOOKER (1910-1910)
……….3– Lawrence James HOOKER (1911-2001) (m. Thelma HUTCHINSON) 
……………4– Elwood Wayne HOOKER (1934-1937)
……………4– Raymond Wallace HOOKER (1936-2000)
………………..5– Living HOOKER/McNABB female (1960-) (m. RELPH)
…………………….6– Living RELPH male (1984-)
…………………….6– Living RELPH male (1991-)
………………..5– Living HOOKER male (1963-)
………………..5– Living HOOKER male (1967-)
………………..5– Living HOOKER male (1970-)
………………..5– Living HOOKER female (1972-)
……………4– Doris May HOOKER (1939-1980)
……………4– Edward Keith HOOKER (1940-2017)
………………..5– Living HOOKER male (1960-)
…………………….6– Living HOOKER female (abt 2003-)
………………..5– Living HOOKER female (1963-) (Shares 1,070 cM; largest share)
…………………….6– Living GRAY female (1988-) (Shares 551 cM.)

……….3– Ruth Sybil HOOKER (1914-1979) (m. 1st GANTON; m. 3rd HARDIN)
……………4– Joyce Maureen GANTON (1932-1949)
……………4– Fay L. GANTON (1933-2014) (m. MIERA)
………………..5– Living MIERA male (1962-)
……………4– Gwendolyn Joan GANTON (1938-1987) (m. THOMAS)
………………..5– Living THOMAS female (1956-) (m. JOHNSON)
………………..5– Living THOMAS male (1957-)
………………..5– Living THOMAS female (1963-) (m. m. HAYES)
………………..5– Living THOMAS female (1964-) (m. BRUSS) (Shares 217 cM.)
………………..5– Living THOMAS female (1967-)
………………..5– Living THOMAS female (1973-) (m. TAORMINA)
……………4– Sharon GANTON (1940-1988) (m. 1st SMITH; m. 2nd HART)
………………..5– Living SMITH (aft 1960-)
………………..5– Living SMITH (aft 1960-)
………………..5– Living SMITH (aft 1960-)
………………..5– Living HART (aft 1970-)
………………..5– Living HART (aft 1970-)
………………..5– Living HART (aft 1970-)
……………4– Living GANTON male (1942-) (Shares 574 cM)
………………..5– Gary Steven GANTON, Jr. (1968-2000)
………………..5– Living GANTON male (1970-)
………………..5– Living GANTON female (1975-) (m. 1st SNODGRASS; m. 2nd WILLIAMS)
……….3– George Edward HOOKER (1915-1936)
……….3– Theodore HOOKER (died in infancy)
……….3– Glen Burton HOOKER (1922-2010)
……………4– Henry HOOKER
……………4– Donald Guy HOOKER (1953-2009)
………………..5– Living HOOKER female
………………..5– Living HOOKER female
………………..5– Living HOOKER female
………………..5– Living HOOKER male
……………4– Tina HOOKER (aft 1950-abt 1989) (m. WRIGHT)
……………4– Living HOOKER male (1962-)
………………..5– Living HOOKER male (1985-)
………………..5– Living HOOKER female (2004-)
……………4– Glenda Rose HOOKER (1964-2008) (m. 1st JECK; m. 2nd MOLENDYK)
………………..5– Living JECK male (1982-)
………………..5– Living JECK female (1984-) (m. LITTLECHILD)
………………..5– Living JECK female (1987-) (m. WALLIS)
……………4– Living HOOKER male (1970-)
………………..5– Living HOOKER male (abt 1991-)
………………..5– Living HOOKER female (1994-)
……….3– Marion Margaret HOOKER (1924-2002) (m. CHAMBERS)
……………4– Living JACKSON female (1945-) (m. 1st DICK; m. 2nd MORROW)
………………..5– Living DICK male
………………..5– Living MORROW female
……………4– Living CHAMBERS female (1947-) (m. GELLNER)
………………..5– Living CHAMBERS male
………………..5– Living GELLNER female (m. SOMERVILLE)
………………..5– Living GELLNER male
……………4– Living CHAMBERS female (1948-) (m. 1st GOSS; m. 2nd MUENCH; m. 3rd BORROWS)
………………..5–
………………..5– Living GOSS female (1968-) (m. 1st SARGENT; m. 2nd HAWKINS) (Shares 309 cM.)
………………..5– Tyson Lorrie MUENCH (1976-2009)
……………4– Living CHAMBERS female (1955-) (m. HILL)
………………..5– Living HILL male (abt 1980-)
………………..5– Living HILL female (m. CAVALIERE)
……….3– Living HOOKER female (1925-) (m. 1st WINTERS; m. 2nd KERR)
……………4– Living WINTERS male (abt 1947-)
……………4– Murray H. WINTERS (abt 1949-bef 2016)
……………4– WINTERS female (abt 1951-bef 2016)
……………4– Living WINTERS female (abt 1952-)
……….3– Living HOOKER male (1927-)
……………4– Kenneth Walter HOOKER (1959-1993)
……….3– Clifford Arthur HOOKER (1930-1947)
……….3– Clarence C. “Catsy” HOOKER (1932-1993)
……………4– Living HOOKER male (b. aft 1954-)
……………4– Clarice Adeline HOOKER (aft 1954-1999)
…..2– Dora Leona HOOKER, R.N. (1886-1974) (m. MALONEY)
……….3– Challence Auburn MALONEY (1922-1968)
……………4– Living MALONEY female (1951-)
……………4– Living MALONEY female (1954-)
……….3– Sarah Catherine MALONEY (1926-1993) (m. GENSEMER)
……………4– Living GENSEMER male (1952-)
………………..5– Living GENSEMER male (1988-)
………………..5– Living GENSEMER female (1990-)

……………4– Living GENSEMER female (1956-) (m. FINK) (Shares 146 cM.)
………………..5– Living FINK female (1987-)
……….3– George F. MALONEY (1927-2005)
……………4– Living MALONEY male (1952-)
……………4– Living MALONEY male (1954-)
…..2– Challence Oscar HOOKER (1889-1957)
……….3– Thomas George HOOKER (1922-2006)
……………4– Living HOOKER female (1954-) (m. HASKINS)
………………..5– Living HASKINS male (1981-)
………………..5– Living HASKINS male (1983-)
……………4– Living HOOKER male (1955-)
……………4– Living HOOKER female (1958-) (m. GALZKI)
………………..5– Living GALZKI female (1988-)
……………4– Living HOOKER female (1962-) (m. DUNN)

……….3– Theodore Challence HOOKER, M.D. (1924-2008)
……………4– Living HOOKER male (1950-) (Shares 156 cM.)
………………..5– Living HOOKER female (1987-)
………………..5– Living HOOKER male (1990-)
……………4– Living HOOKER female (1953-) (m. CASEBOLT)
……………4– Living HOOKER female (1964-) (m. O’DAY)
……….3– Joan Elizabeth HOOKER (1936-2010) (m. NEUMANN)
……………4– Living NEUMANN male (1959) (Shares 218 cM.)
……………4– Living NEUMANN male (1960-)
……………4– Living NEUMANN male (1961-)
……………4– Living NEUMANN female (1964-) (m. NEESON)
………………..5– Living NEESON male
………………..5– Living NEESON female
………………..5– Living NEESON female

In addition to the shares with descendants of Elizabeth Hufford and George Hooker, the newly found cousin also has the following shares with a large number of descendants of Elizabeth’s ancestors and with one descendant of George’s ancestors:
60 cM: three-greats-grandson of David CRIPE and Jane F. DANIELS (maternal grandparents of Elizabeth HUFFORD). Descent is from that couple’s daughter Lucy’s daughter Lydia’s daughter Eve Lucille’s son John’s son.
57 cM: two-greats-granddaughter of David CRIPE and Jane F. DANIELS (maternal grandparents of Elizabeth HUFFORD). Descent is from that couple’s daughter Lucy’s daughter Lydia’s daughter Eve who was born in 1898.
48 cM: three-greats-granddaughter of Andrew HUFFORD and Sarah CRIPE (parents of Elizabeth HUFFORD). Descent is from that couple’s son John’s daughter Edna’s daughter Clara’s daughter Jane’s daughter.
41 cM: two-greats-granddaughter of David CRIPE and Jane F. DANIELS (maternal grandparents of Elizabeth HUFFORD). Descent is from that couple’s daughter Lucy’s daughter Lydia’s daughter Eve Lucille’s daughter who was born in 1923.
33 cM: two-greats-granddaughter of Andrew HUFFORD and Sarah CRIPE (parents of Elizabeth HUFFORD). Descent is from that couple’s son David’s son Walter’s son Robert’s daughter.
31 cM: two-greats-grandson of John HOCKERTS and Margaretha HAMMES (parents of George HOOKER). Descent is from that couple’s son Theodore’s son Clarence’s son Charles’ son who was born in 1945.
30 cM: two-greats-granddaughter of Andrew HUFFORD and Sarah CRIPE (parents of Elizabeth HUFFORD). Descent is from that couple’s son John’s daughter Edna’s daughter Lucile’s daughter who was born in 1944.
29 cM: two-greats-granddaughter of Andrew HUFFORD and Sarah CRIPE (parents of Elizabeth HUFFORD). Descent is from that couple’s son John’s daughter Ruth’s daughter Patricia’s daughter.
26 cM: two-greats-grandson of Andrew HUFFORD and Sarah CRIPE (parents of Elizabeth HUFFORD). Descent is from that couple’s son John’s daughter Edna’s daughter Lucile’s son.

There are many, many other identified HUFFORD descendants who share autosomal DNA with my newly found cousin.

That she is a HUFFORD descendant is undeniable, and the large matches with descendants of Elizabeth HUFFORD and George HOOKER (584 cM, 309 cM, 218 cM, 217 cM) make it undeniable that she descends from them. A share of 425 cM is typically a 1st cousin once-removed. A share of 212 cM is typically a 2nd cousin or a 1st cousin twice-removed.

The chart below is copied from the International Society of Genetic Genealogy’s site. It provides information about how much DNA would be shared between various relatives if every genetic mix and re-mix were exact. The mixes and re-mixes, of course, are not exact, and the farther away the relationship is from parent and child, the more the numbers can vary.
delete

Next it was necessary to do some work on McMASTER descendants. I won’t present a full list of descendants as I have for Elizabeth HUFFORD’s descendant, but I shall include enough information to allow for some understanding of relationships. Let’s begin with the fact that two sons of Elizabeth HUFFORD and George HOOKER married McMaster women who were 1st cousins:
(1) In 1904, in Turtle Mountain, Manitoba, Elizabeth and George’s son George Washington Hooker married Amanda McMaster, granddaughter of Reynolds McMASTER (1817-1896) and Amanda PERRY (1829-1883).
(2) Sometime before 1909, likely in Ward County, North Dakota, Elizabeth and George’s son James Burton Hooker married Adeline McMaster, granddaughter of Reynolds McMASTER and Amanda PERRY.
Amanda’s father (Ira, b. 1858) and Adeline’s father (Edward, b. 1855) were brothers, as shown on the descendants list below:

Descendants of Reynolds McMASTER & Amanda PERRY:
1– Reynolds McMASTER (1817-1896)
sp-Amanda E. PERRY (1829-1823)
…..2– Edward McMASTER (1855-1931)
……….3– George McMASTER (1886-)
……………4– John Thomas McMASTER (1925-2005)
………………..5– Living McMASTER female (1954-) (m. MILLER)
…………………….6– Living MILLER female (Shares 123 cM.)
……………4– Isabel Elizabeth McMASTER (1933-2017) (m. BOZEMAN) (Shares 447 cM.)
………………..5– Living BOZEMAN female (1954-) (m. 2nd HOLM) (Shares 255 cM.)
…………………….6– Living HOLM female (Shares 137 cM.)
………………..5– Living BOZEMAN female (1964-) (m. 2nd EVANS) (Shares 137 cM.)
……….3– Adeline McMASTER (1892-1979) (m. James Burton HOOKER)
……………4– Lawrence James HOOKER (1911-2001)
………………..5– Raymond Wallace HOOKER (1936-2000)
………………..5– Edward Keith HOOKER (1940-2017)
…………………….6– Living HOOKER female (1963-) (Shares 1,070 cM.)
……………4– Ruth Sybil HOOKER (1914-1979) (m. 1st HARDIN; m. 2nd GANTON)
………………..5– Gwendolyn Joan GANTON (1938-1987) (m. THOMAS)
…………………….6– Living THOMAS female (1964-) (Shares 217 cM.)
………………..5– Living GANTON male (1942) (Shares 584 cM.)
……………4– Marion Margaret HOOKER (1924-2002) (m. CHAMBERS)
………………..5– Living CHAMBERS female (abt 1949-) (m. MUENCH)
…………………….6– Living GOSS female (1968-) (Shares 309 cM.)
……………4– Living HOOKER female (1925-) (m. 1st WINTERS; m. 2nd KERR)
……………4– Living HOOKER male (1927-)
…..2– Ira McMASTER (1858-1926)
……….3– Andrew McMASTER (1880-1951) (m. George Washington HOOKER)
…………..4– Helen Margaret McMASTER (1902-1973) (m. O’DONNELL)
………………..5– Gerald Andrew “Jerry” O’DONNELL (1931-2011)
…………………….6– Living O’DONNELL male (aft 1954-) (Shares 72 cM.)
…………………….6– Living O’DONNELL female (aft 1954-) (Shares 102 cM.)
……….3– Amanda McMASTER (1887-1963) (m. George Washington HOOKER)
……………4– Douglas Berdet “Bud” HOOKER (1914-1957)
………………..5– Helen TOPPING (1937-2007) (m. WHIFFIN) (born Margaret MERCY)
…………………….6– Living WHIFFIN female (1963-) (m. PINCKSTON) (Shares 83 cM.)
………………..5– Living HOOKER female (1949-) (Shares 46 cM.)
……….3– Charles Abner McMASTER (1895-1961)
……………4– Charles Dean McMASTER (1927-1981)
………………..5– Living KLASSEN male (1955-) (Shares 66 cM.)
………………..5– Living McMASTER female (aft 1961-) (m. TANKERSLEY)
…………………….6– Living TANKERSLEY male (1984-) (Shares 25 cM.)

The DNA says that, absolutely, my newly found cousin descends from Elizabeth HUFFORD and George HOOKER. The DNA also says that my newly found cousin must descend from a pairing of one of Elizabeth and George’s descendants with one of Reynolds McMaster and Amanda Perry’s descendants.

But wait! There is more DNA information:
The woman also has a 47 centimorgan match with a two-greats-granddaughter of John STEWART (1814-1889) and Margaret McDOUGALL (1811-1897) (thru their son Daniel’s son Duncan), and she also has a 25.9 centimorgan match with a three-greats-grandson of John STEWART and Margaret McDOUGALL (thru their son Daniel’s son William). Who were John Stewart and Margaret McDougall? They were the maternal grandparents of Adeline McMaster, Mrs. James Burton Hooker.

In other words, the DNA says that the woman descends from James Burton Hooker and Adeline McMaster. And the reality of biology says that the biological father of the woman is a male who was old enough to sire a child in early 1962, and that he was in the area of Los Angeles, California, in early 1962.

The next step was to sort thru my cousin’s DNA matches — match by match. I was hunting for a match who does not share with her maternal half-brother, and who also does not share with the 584-centimorgan match who is a grandson of James B. Hooker, and who also does not share with the 447-centimorgan McMaster-only match (Isabel McMaster).

And then I found it:
She has a 107-centimorgan match who shares with only five other people. One is the son of my newly-found cousin; one is obviously the daughter of the 107-cM match, and three are much smaller matches with no other shares and no useful trees.

The 107-cM match has a tree, but it’s not the best, and some names are hidden. With perseverance, I figured out the hidden names and started mining for info in various corners of the internet. The 107-cM match’s tree had a HUTCHINSON grandmother: Alma Fern Hutchinson, b. 1907; m. 1925 in Prince George, British Columbia, d. 1984, Prince George, British Columbia, Canada. Right surname. Right time frame. Right place. Shared DNA.

With more hunting, I found that Alma had a sister named Violet May Hutchinson, who married on 18-May-1938 in Sinclair Mills, British Columbia, “at the home of “Mr. Hooker.” BC Vital Statistics #39-09-459832; #30695B. The only “Mr. Hooker” with a house in Sinclair Mills in 1938 was James Burton Hooker, father of Lawrence Hooker. Sinclair Mills is a small place; even in 2010, there were only 19 households in the place. And, some more looking found that Violet May Hutchinson named her first-born daughter “Thelma Dorene.” Violet May Hutchinson was born in 1918; Thelma Dorene Hutchinson was born in 1916. Both grew up in Prince George, British Columbia.

So, right surname, right time frame, right small rural place, marriage in the private house of James B. Hooker (Thelma Hutchinson’s father-in-law), and a baby who appears to have been named after Thelma Hutchinson (Mrs. Lawrence Hooker). All that plus 107 centimorgans of shared DNA. That’s just too much for “coincidence.”

But I could not find the match on the trees, even as I worked to extend the tree of this 107-cM match. Finally I figured out what was hiding: The paternal grandfather of both Thelma Hutchinson (Mrs. Lawrence Hooker) and Alma Hutchinson had been married twice. His 1st wife died young. Alma’s descent is from the 1st wife; Thelma’s descent is from the 2nd wife. Their shared grandfather was Albert HUTCHINSON, b. 29-May-1848, Wicklow, Carlton, New Brunswick, Canada; d. 8-Jul-1904, Wicklow, Carleton, New Brunswick, Canada. Albert Hutchinson’s 1st wife was Lydia E. COLLINS; she died 20-Jan-1875. On 4-May-1878, the widowed Albert married Alberta Alice ESTEY.

Descendants of Albert HUTCHINSON:
1– Albert HUTCHINSON (1848-1904)
sp-Lydia E. COLLINS (1854-1875) (1st wife of Albert HUTCHINSON)
…..2– Ernest Frank HUTCHINSON (1872-1941)
……….3– Alma Fern HUTCHINSON (1907-1984) (m. McDOUGALL)
……………4– Living McDOUGALL female (b. abt 1940) (m. ZAMNIUK)
………………..5– Living ZAMNIUK female (b. abt 1967) (Shares 107 cM.)
sp-Alberta Alice ESTEY (1860-1929) (2nd wife of Albert HUTCHINSON)
…..2– Frank Leroy HUTCHINSON (1885-1967)
……….3– Thelma Dorene “Dolly” HUTCHINSON (1916-1986) (m. Lawrence HOOKER)
……………4– Raymond Wallace HOOKER (1936-2000)
……………4– Edward Keith HOOKER (1940-2017)
………………..5– Living HOOKER female (1963-) (Shares 1,070 cM.)

The fact that my newly found cousin shares DNA with someone who descends from the grandfather of Thelma Hutchinson (Mrs. Lawrence Hooker) makes clear where my new-found cousin fits in the HOOKER/HUFFORD house: She fits as a granddaughter of Lawrence James HOOKER (1911-2001) and Thelma Dorene HUTCHINSON (1916-1986), parents of Raymond and Edward. The final proof was DNA from Edward’s daughter, which proved that Edward’s daughter and my newly found cousin are first cousins, meaning that the father of my newly found cousin was Raymond.

To paraphrase from Desiderata: This woman is a Hooker and a Hufford, no less than any among us, and she has a right to be counted among the descendants of George Hooker and Elizabeth Hufford. And whether or not it is clear to any of us, no doubt the universe is unfolding as it should.

Here is our newly found cousin, folks, on the left. She is a great-great-granddaughter of George Hooker and Elizabeth Hufford, a great-granddaughter of James Burton Hooker, a granddaughter of Lawrence Hooker, and a daughter of Raymond Hooker. On the right is a 1960 photo of her 1st cousin once-removed — the 1st cousin of her father and his brother. The man is a great-grandson of George HOOKER and Elizabeth HUFFORD. She and he share 584 centimorgans of DNA across 25 DNA segments:
delete3
The two have talked by phone, and his great-grandfather would have smiled at his humor as he talked with this newly found relative: “Let me think where I was in 1962. Oh, yes! I was in the military and gone from the Montebello area.”

This post was updated as new facts were learned. The puzzle was finally solved on March 17, 2018.

PAGE NOTE: Elizabeth Hufford and her children are listed on page 81 of the 1909 HUFFORD FAMILY HISTORY.